Heckenbraunelle (Prunella modularis) CC BY 3.0 Smalljim (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heckenbraunelle#/media/Datei:Dunnock_crop2.jpg)

European dunnock


The European dunnock is just under 15 cm long and thus somewhat smaller than a sparrow. It weighs an average of 20 grams. The breast and head are lead-grey to slate-grey; the back and wings are rich dark brown with black stripes. The dark, thin beak is characteristic. Males and females look alike.


The European dunnock lives on forest edges, in gardens, parks and bushes, in the Alps also in the krummholz zone. It reaches its highest settlement density in areas densely covered with young spruce trees. Here there can be between five and fifteen breeding pairs per 10 hectares. On coniferous forest areas with higher coniferous tree cover, the settlement density drops to two pairs. Comparable values are also achieved for mixed and deciduous forests.

The text is a translation of an excerpt from Wikipedia (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heckenbraunelle). On wikipedia the text is available under a „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“ licence. Status: 17 November 2021